Safety aspects in the use of agricultural tractors
Vassalini, G.; Fornaciari, L.; Pochi, D.; Grilli, R.; Fanigliulo, R.
International Conference C.I.G.R. on “Innovation Technology to Empower Safety, Health and Welfare in Agriculture and Agro-food System”, Ragusa, Italy, September 3-6
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The Italian legislative decree of April 9, 2008, No 81 established a series of obligations for the employer (Article 71) and the self-employed (Article 21), that request the implementation of measures ensuring that work equipment is properly maintained, in order to ensure the continuity of the safety requirements of Article 70 and the correct keeping and update of the audit log. The purpose of this paper is to provide organizational solutions and/or procedures capable to support the industry in the verification and maintenance of safety requirements for agricultural or forestry tractors intended as work equipments. 27 agricultural tractors, different per class of power, mass and type of propulsion (22 wheeled and 5 tracked tractors), have been examined. Through a series of detailed and targeted inspections, the main shortages and non-compliances have been identified. A plan for the adjustment and the correct management of the machines has been activated with the aim of raising the level of safety during the work and of protecting the physical integrity and the health of the workers. During the inspections, checklists have been adopted, referring to the main tractor components. The results of the audits show that 15% of the inspected tractors lacks a protective device in case of overturning. As to the driver's seat, 29% is in excellent conditions, 15% is sufficiently preserved, while the remaining 56% is in poor conditions. 74% of the seats has no seatbelt. As regards the protections from mobile and hot elements, 41% of tractors has no guard against accidental contacts.