|Abstract in English:|
Within the research EU project BIOCARD - Global Process to Improve Cynara Cardunculus Exploitation for Energy Applications, and because of the great interest about energy from biomass, a software tool was developed to manage in Southern Spain the logistics of harvesting and transport of products obtainable from the Cynara Cardunculus cultivation. Amongst commercial GIS software, it was chosen one that fulfilled two needs: availability of a set of tools of spatial analysis to provide linked layers of information, consistent to the land and infrastructure characteristics and software customizability. A phase of study and analysis was carried out to collect necessary data
around Cadiz, followed by the planning and realization of a set of modules, forming an integrated tool, to optimize the Cynara logistics. GIS software basic functions allow to solve problems related to the geographic morphology, analyzing and processing alphanumeric data, ensuring the output consistency and integrity. This paper describes how a commercial software was supplied with a specific tool to evaluate and optimize the logistics/transport cost of biomass pair. The tool allowed the analysis of the logistics of collected biomass, suggesting the position of stocking centres according to local road network and distance from power plants. The tool offers the following modalities of analysis: analysis of single stocking centre(s); simulation on stocking centres set(s); the output is both graphical and textual. The SW_Cadiz tool is a simple but important example of GIS potential. It allows to organize and store heterogeneous data in thematic layers, linked by the relative geographic position, solving problems related to territory management.