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A Technical and Economic Analysis of Felling Systems on Palm Trees Infested by Red Palm Weevil (Rhynchophorus ferrugineus Olivier)
Fedrizzi, M.; Pagano, M.; Pochi, D.; Fanigliulo, R.; Tomasone, R.; Verani, S.; Sperandio, G.
ENG, eng
“From effective to intelligent agriculture and forestry” XXXV CIOSTA & CIGR V International Conference, July 3rd – July 5th, 2013, Billund- Denmark
Kind of publication:
Abstract in Italian:
Abstract in English:
Rhynchophorus ferrugineus (Olivier) is the most important pest affecting the date palm (Phoenix dactylifera) worldwide. It is native to South Asia and Melanesia, where it is a major pest of the coconut palm (Cocos nucifera). Since 1980, it has quickly spread to the west and has reached the Middle East and Egypt by 1985. In 1994 it was recorded in Spain, and later in other European countries, including France, Greece and Italy (Malumphy and Moran, 2009; Massa et al., 2011; NAPPO, 2008). The introduction of the pest in Italy was ascertained starting from 2004 in Tuscany, Campania and Sicily, and later expanding into other central and southern regions of the country. In a few years there has been considerable damage to the patrimony of palms in many environments of our country (Longo et al., 2009). The infestation is causing very critical conditions not only due to the drastic modifications of the landscape, but also for the economic implications regarding the problems related to the removal of compromised plants and to the appropriate and effective disposal of infested plant material. The epidemic spread of the Red Palm Weevil, now considered as an authentic biological invasion, is complicated by the objective difficulty in making an early diagnosis of the infestation in order to detect the infested plants as soon as possible, and also by the complexity to intervene on plants that are often located in anthropized and urban environments. The strong impact of this insect on the plant heritage of our country and the increased awareness about the issue gave way to regional and national initiatives aimed at tackling the emergency, in accordance with the directives issued by the European Union starting from the Commission Decision n. 2007/365/EC of 25 May 2007 on emergency measures to prevent the introduction into and the spread within the Community of the insect, amended by the following Commission Decision 2008/776/EC of 6 October 2008 and Commission Decision 2010/467/EU of 17 August 2010 L 226 42 28.8.2010. The implementation at national level of the decision of the European Commission took place initially with the ministerial decree 'DM' of 9 November 2007, issued by the Italian Ministry of Agriculture (MiPAAF), and subsequently integrated and amended by the DM of 7 February 2011, that provides guidance and rules to be applied for the mandatory fight against the beetle.

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