Assessing the cost of stump-site debarking in eucalypt plantations.
Magagnotti, N.; Nati, C.; Pari, L.; Spinelli, R.; Visser, R.
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Mechanised cut-to-length (CTL) harvesting is commonly deployed in eucalypt plantations
and is based on the application of specialised machinery for felling, delimbing, debarking
and crosscutting trees directly at the stump site. Debarked logs are then moved to the
roadside with dedicated forwarders for loading onto transportation vehicles. This study
determined the cost of stump-site debarking, which was calculated between 1.7 and
6.7 Vm3, depending mainly on tree size. Avoiding stump-site debarking would allow
reducing the overall stump-to-road harvesting cost between 11 and 17%, while making
bark biomass available for energy or biochemical conversion. The figures obtained from
this study are specifically valid for European pulpwood plantations and winter harvest
conditions, but the underlying principles may hold a general significance. Further studies
should determine the cost of off-site debarking, and the effects of bark removal on soil